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Getting Started

Preparation

Follow the Jekyll Docs to complete the installtion of basic environment (Ruby, RubyGem, Bundler and Jekyll). In order to use the script tools to save time, we also need to install Python(version 3.5 or abover) and ruamel.yaml.

In addition, if your machine is running Debian or macOS, make sure you have the GNU coreutils installed. Otherwise, get it by:

  • Debian
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$ sudo apt-get install coreutils
  • macOS
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$ brew install coreutils

Install Jekyll Plugins

Go to the root of repo and run:

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$ bundle install

bundle will install all the dependent Jekyll Plugins listed in file Gemfile automatically.

File Structure

The main files and related brief introductions are listed below.

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jekyll-theme-chirpy/
├── _data
├── _includes      
├── _layouts
├── _posts          # posts stay here
├── _scripts
├── .travis.yml     # remove it
├── .github         # remove this, too
├── assets      
├── tabs
│   └── about.md    # the ABOUT page
├── .gitignore
├── 404.html
├── Gemfile
├── LICENSE
├── README.md
├── _config.yml     # configuration file
├── tools           # script tools
├── feed.xml
├── index.html
├── robots.txt
└── sitemap.xml

As mentioned above, some files or directories should be removed from your repo:

  • .travis.yml
  • .github

Configuration

Basically, go to _config.yml and configure the variables as needed. Some of them are typical options:

  • url

    Set to your website url and there should be no slash symbol at the tail. Format: <protocol>://<domain>.

  • avatar

    It defines the image file location of avatar. The sample image is /assets/img/sample/avatar.jpg, and should be replaced by your own one(a square image). Notice that a huge image file will increase the load time of your site, so keep your avatar image size as samll as possible(may be https://tinypng.com/ will help).

  • timezone

    To ensure that the posts’ release date matches the city you live in, please modify the field timezone correctly. A list of all available values can be found on TimezoneConverter or Wikipedia.

  • theme_mode

    There are three options for the theme color scheme:

    • dual - The default color scheme will follow the system settings, but if the system does not support dark mode, or the browser does not support Media Queries Level 5, the theme will be displayed as light mode by default. Anyway, the bottom left corner of the Sidebar will provide a button for users to switch color schemes.

    • dark - Always show dark mode.
    • light - Always show light mode.

Run Locally

You may want to preview the site before publishing, so just run the script tool:

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$ bash tools/run.sh

Open a brower and visit http://localhost:4000.

Few days later, you may find that the file changes does not refresh in real time by using run.sh. Don’t worry, the advanced option -r (or --realtime) will solve this problem, but it requires fswatch to be installed on your machine.

Deploying to GitHub Pages

Before the deployment begins, checkout the file _config.yml and make sure that the url has been configured. What’s more, if you prefer the Project site on GitHub and also use the default domain <username>.github.io, remember to change the baseurl to your project name that starting with a slash. For example, /project.

Option 1: Built by GitHub Pages

By deploying the site in this way, you’re allowed to push the source code directly to the remote.

Note: If you want to use any third-party Jekyll plugins that not in this list, stop reading the current approach and go to Option 2: Build locally.

1. Rename the repository to:

Site TypeRepo’s Name
User or Organization<username>.github.io
ProjectAny one except <username>.github.io, let’s say project

2. Commit the changes of the repo first, then run the initialization script:

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$ bash tools/init.sh

Please note that the Recent Update list requires the latest git-log date of posts, thus make sure the changes in _posts have been committed before running this command.

it will automatically generates the Latest Modified Date and Categories / Tags page for the posts and submit a commit. Its output is similar to the following log:

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[INFO] Success to update lastmod for 4 post(s).
[INFO] Succeed! 3 category-pages created.
[INFO] Succeed! 4 tag-pages created.
[Automation] Updated the Categories, Tags, Lastmod for post(s).
 11 files changed, 46 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
 ...
Updated the Categories, Tags, Lastmod for post(s).

3. Push the changes to origin/master then go to GitHub website and enable GitHub Pages service for the repo.

4. Check it out:

Site TypeSite URL
User or Organizationhttps://<username>.github.io/
Projecthttps://<username>.github.io/project/

Option 2: Build Locally

For security reasons, GitHub Pages runs on safe mode, which means the third-party Jekyll plugins or custom scripts won’t work. If you want to use any another plugins that not in the whitelist, you have to generate the site locally rather than on GitHub Pages.

1. Browse to GitHub website, create a brand new repo named:

Site TypeRepo’s Name
User or Organization<username>.github.io
ProjectAny one except <username>.github.io, let’s say project

and clone it.

2. In the root of the source project, build your site by:

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$ bash tools/build.sh -d /path/to/local/project/

The generated static files will be placed in the root of /path/to/local/project. Commit and push the changes to the master branch on GitHub.

3. Go to GitHub website and enable Pages service for the new repository.

4. Visit at:

Site TypeSite URL
User or Organizationhttps://<username>.github.io/
Projecthttps://<username>.github.io/project/

Finishing work

No matter which way you choose to deploy the website on GitHub, please enforce the HTTPS for it. See official docs: Configuring a publishing source for your GitHub Pages site.

This post is licensed under CC BY 4.0 by the author.