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Enable Google Page Views

This post is to enable Page Views on the Chirpy theme based blog that you just built. This requires technical knowledge and it’s recommended to keep the google_analytics.pv disabled unless you have a good reason. If you website has low traffic, the page views count would discourage you to write more blogs. With that said, let’s start with the setup.

Set up Google Analytics

Create GA account and property

First, you need to setup your account on Google analytics. While your create your account, you must create your first Property as well.

  1. Head to https://analytics.google.com/ and click on Start Measuring
  2. Enter your desired Account Name and choose the desired checkboxes
  3. Enter your desired Property Name. This is the name of the tracker project that appears on your Google Analytics dashboard
  4. Enter the required information About your business
  5. Hit Create and accept any license popup to setup your Google Analytics account and create your property

Create Data Stream

With your property created, you now need to set up Data Stream to track your blog traffic. After you signup, the prompt should automatically take you to creating your first Data Stream. If not, follow these steps:

  1. Go to Admin on the left column
  2. Select the desired property from the drop down on the second column
  3. Click on Data Streams
  4. Add a stream and click on Web
  5. Enter your blog’s URL

It should look like this:

google-analytics-data-stream

Now, click on the new data stream and grab the Measurement ID. It should look something like G-V6XXXXXXXX. Copy this to your _config.yml file

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google_analytics:
  id: 'G-V6XXXXXXX'          # Fill with your Google Analytics ID
  pv:
    # The Google Analytics pageviews switch.
    enabled: false
    # the next options only valid when `google_analytics.pv` is enabled.
    proxy_url: ''
    proxy_endpoint: ''
    cache: false  # pv data local cache, good for the users from GFW area.

When you push these changes to your blog, you should start seeing the traffic on your Google Analytics. Play around with Google Analytics dashboard to get familiar with the options available as it takes like 5 mins to pickup your changes. You should now be able to monitor your traffic in realtime.

google-analytics-realtime

Setup Page Views

There is a detailed tutorial available to set up Google Analytics superProxy. But, if you are interested to just quickly get your Chirpy-based blog display page views, follow along. These steps were tested on a Linux machine. If you are running Windows, you can use Git bash terminal to run Unix-like commands.

Setup Google App Engine

  1. Visit https://console.cloud.google.com/appengine

  2. Click on Create Application

  3. Click on Create Project

  4. Enter the name and choose the data center close to you

  5. Select Python language and Standard environment

  6. Enable billing account. Yeah, you have to link your credit card. But, you won’t be billed unless you exceed your free quota. For a simple blog, free quota is more than sufficient.

  7. Go to your App Engine dashboard on your browser and select API & Services from the left navigation menu

  8. Click on Enable APIs and Services button on the top

  9. Enable the following APIs: Google Analytics API

  10. On the left, Click on OAuth Consent Screen and accept Configure Consent Screen. Select External since your blog is probably hosted for the public. Click on Publish under Publishing Status

  11. Click on Credentials on the left and create a new OAuth Client IDs credential. Make sure to add a entry under Authorized redirect URIs that matches: https://<project-id>.<region>.r.appspot.com/admin/auth

  12. Note down the Your Client ID and Your Client Secret. You’ll need this in the next section.

  13. Download and install the cloud SDK for your platform: https://cloud.google.com/sdk/docs/quickstart

  14. Run the following commands:

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    [root@bc96abf71ef8 /]# gcloud init
    
    ~snip~
    
    Go to the following link in your browser:
    
        https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/auth?response_type=code&client_id=XYZ.apps.googleusercontent.com&redirect_uri=ABCDEFG
    
    Enter verification code: <VERIFICATION CODE THAT YOU GET AFTER YOU VISIT AND AUTHENTICATE FROM THE ABOVE LINK>
    
    You are logged in as: [blah_blah@gmail.com].
    
    Pick cloud project to use:
    [1] chirpy-test-300716
    [2] Create a new project
    Please enter numeric choice or text value (must exactly match list
    item): 1
    
    
    [root@bc96abf71ef8 /]# gcloud info
    # Your selected project info should be displayed here
    

Setup Google Analytics superProxy

  1. Clone the Google Analytics superProxy project on Github: https://github.com/googleanalytics/google-analytics-super-proxy to your local.

  2. Remove the first 2 lines in the src/app.yaml file:
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    - application: your-project-id
    - version: 1
    
  3. In src/config.py, add the OAUTH_CLIENT_ID and OAUTH_CLIENT_SECRET that you gathered from you App Engine Dashboard.

  4. Enter any random key for XSRF_KEY, your config.py should look similar to this

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     #!/usr/bin/python2.7
    
     __author__ = 'pete.frisella@gmail.com (Pete Frisella)'
    
     # OAuth 2.0 Client Settings
     AUTH_CONFIG = {
       'OAUTH_CLIENT_ID': 'YOUR_CLIENT_ID',
       'OAUTH_CLIENT_SECRET': 'YOUR_CLIENT_SECRET',
       'OAUTH_REDIRECT_URI': '%s%s' % (
         'https://chirpy-test-XXXXXX.ue.r.appspot.com',
         '/admin/auth'
       )
     }
    
     # XSRF Settings
     XSRF_KEY = 'OnceUponATimeThereLivedALegend'
    

    Tip: You can configure a custom domain instead of https://PROJECT_ID.REGION_ID.r.appspot.com. But, for the sake of keeping it simple, we will be using the Google provided default URL.

  5. From inside the src/ directory, deploy the app

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     [root@bc96abf71ef8 src]# gcloud app deploy
     Services to deploy:
    
     descriptor:      [/tmp/google-analytics-super-proxy/src/app.yaml]
     source:          [/tmp/google-analytics-super-proxy/src]
     target project:  [chirpy-test-XXXX]
     target service:  [default]
     target version:  [VESRION_NUM]
     target url:      [https://chirpy-test-XXXX.ue.r.appspot.com]
    
    
     Do you want to continue (Y/n)? Y
    
     Beginning deployment of service [default]...
     ╔════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════╗
     ╠═ Uploading 1 file to Google Cloud Storage                 ═╣
     ╚════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════╝
     File upload done.
     Updating service [default]...done.
     Setting traffic split for service [default]...done.
     Deployed service [default] to [https://chirpy-test-XXXX.ue.r.appspot.com]
    
     You can stream logs from the command line by running:
     $ gcloud app logs tail -s default
    
     To view your application in the web browser run:
     $ gcloud app browse
    
  6. Visit the deployed service. Add a /admin to the end of the URL.

  7. Click on Authorize Users and make sure to add yourself as a managed user.

  8. If you get any errors, please google it. The errors are self-explanatory and should be easy to fix.

If everything went good, you’ll get this screen:

superProxy-deployed

Create Google Analytics Query

Head to https://PROJECT_ID.REGION_ID.r.appspot.com/admin and create a query after verifying the account. GA Core Reporting API query request can be created in Query Explorer.

The query parameters are as follows:

  • start-date - fill in the first day of blog posting

  • end-date - fill in today (this is a parameter supported by GA Report, which means that it will always end according to the current query date)

  • metrics - select ga:pageviews

  • dimensions - select ga:pagePath

In order to reduce the returned results and reduce the network bandwidth, we add custom filtering rules 1:

  • filters - fill in ga:pagePath=~^/posts/.*/$;ga:pagePath!@=

    Among them, ; means using logical AND to concatenate two rules, !@= means excluding =.

After Run Query, copy the generated contents of API Query URI at the bottom of the page, and fill in the Encoded URI for the query of SuperProxy on GAE.

After the query is saved on GAE, a Public Endpoint (public access address) will be generated, and we will get the query result in JSON format when accessing it. Finally, click Enable Endpoint in Public Request Endpoint to make the query effective, and click Start Scheduling in Scheduling to start the scheduled task.

superproxy-query

Configure Chirpy to Display Page View

Once all the hard part is done, it is very easy to enable the Page View on Chirpy theme. Your superProxy dashboard should look something like below and you can grab the required values.

superproxy-dashboard

Update the _config.yml file of Chirpy project with the values from your dashboard, to look similar to the following:

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google_analytics:
  id: 'G-XXXXXXXXXX'   # Fill with your Google Analytics ID
  pv:
    # The Google Analytics pageviews switch.
    enabled: true
    # the next options only valid when `google_analytics.pv` is enabled.
    proxy_url: 'https://PROJECT_ID.REGION_ID.r.appspot.com'
    proxy_endpoint: 'https://PROJECT_ID.REGION_ID.r.appspot.com/query?id=<ID FROM SUPER PROXY>'
    cache: false      # pv data local cache, good for the users from GFW area.

Now, you should see the Page View enabled on your blog.

Reference

This post is licensed under CC BY 4.0 by the author.